Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to numerous associated forms of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by both equally sexes.[three] Extra generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving variations of favor and content.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The original pyjāmā are unfastened, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans during East India Company rule in India.[eight]
The worldwide usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging apparel" as early as the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they shortly fell outside of trend. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial 50 % in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by different people in India e.g. by Women of all ages of various classes, by Sikh Gentlemen, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It absolutely was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an posting of dishabille and of night time apparel, and is synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the routine just like a superior lots of others in the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term has become Utilized in London retailers. A colleague furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was Click here in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from soft material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor ordinarily incorporates a placket front and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people opt to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas tend to be termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They may be somewhat rare.
Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of materials. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have sometimes integrated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume major around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps today refer to women's mix daywear, particularly in the US in which they became popular during the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.